The choice for solvents in electrolyte solutions for non-aqueous magnesium batteries is currently limited to ethers. However, the scientific community regularly uses acetonitrile (ACN) based electrolyte solutions as model systems in order to characterize new cathode materials for rechargeable Magnesium batteries. In this study, we demonstrated the effect of dimethoxyethane (DME), an important solvent for rechargeable magnesium systems, on the reversible intercalation of Mg2+ cations into thin, monolithic V2O5 films. The effect of DME on the intercalation kinetic have been examined via chronopotentiometry, galvanostatic and galvanostatic intermittent titration (GITT) measurements. In addition, we explored basic scientific questions related to the structure of ACN:DME based electrolyte solutions via Raman spectroscopy and surface chemistry of V2O5/Mg(ClO4)2/ACN:DME systems via X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. We found that addition of DME to the Mg(ClO4)2/ACN solution results in replacing the ACN-Mg2+ cation by the more thermodynamically stable 3DME-Mg2+ solvate structure. We also found that the DME-Mg interaction forms stable solution structures that kinetically slow down the insertion of the Mg2+ cations into V2O5, compared with the less coordinated situation in solutions based solely on ACN.
ASJC Scopus subject areas