Mast cells are directly activated by contact with cancer cells by a mechanism involving autocrine formation of adenosine and autocrine/paracrine signaling of the adenosine A3 receptor

Yaara Gorzalczany, Eyal Akiva, Ofir Klein, Ofer Merimsky, Ronit Sagi-Eisenberg

פרסום מחקרי: פרסום בכתב עתמאמרביקורת עמיתים

תקציר

Mast cells (MCs) constitute an important part of the tumor microenvironment (TME). However, their underlying mechanisms of activation within the TME remain poorly understood. Here we show that recapitulating cell-to-cell contact interactions by exposing MCs to membranes derived from a number of cancer cell types, results in MC activation, evident by the increased phosphorylation of the ERK1/2 MAP kinases and Akt, in a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase dependent fashion. Activation is unidirectional since MC derived membranes do not activate cancer cells. Stimulated ERK1/2 phosphorylation is strictly dependent on the ecto enzyme CD73 that mediates autocrine formation of adenosine, and is inhibited by knockdown of the A3 adenosine receptor (A3R) as well as by an A3R antagonist or by agonist-stimulated down-regulation of the A3R. We also show that cancer cell mediated triggering upregulates expression and stimulates secretion of interleukin 8 from the activated MCs. These findings provide evidence for a novel mode of unidirectional crosstalk between MCs and cancer cells implicating direct activation by cancer cells in MC reprogramming into a pro tumorigenic profile.

שפה מקוריתאנגלית
עמודים (מ-עד)23-32
מספר עמודים10
כתב עתCancer Letters
כרך397
מזהי עצם דיגיטלי (DOIs)
סטטוס פרסוםפורסם - 1 יולי 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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