Improving deuterium metabolic imaging (DMI) signal‐to‐noise ratio by spectroscopic multi‐echo bSSFP: A pancreatic cancer investigation

Dana C Peters, Stefan Markovic, Qingjia Bao, Dina Preise, Keren Sasson, Lilach Agemy, Avigdor Scherz, Lucio Frydman

פרסום מחקרי: פרסום בכתב עתמאמרביקורת עמיתים

תקציר

Purpose: Deuterium metabolic imaging (DMI) maps the uptake of deuterated precursors and their conversion into lactate and other markers of tumor metabolism. Even after leveraging 2H’s short T1s, DMI’s signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is limited. We hypothesize that a multi-echo balanced steady-state free precession (ME-bSSFP) approach would increase SNR compared to chemical shift imaging (CSI), while achieving spectral isolation of the metabolic precursors and products. Methods: Suitably tuned 2H ME-bSSFP (five echo times [TEs], ΔTE = 2.2 ms, repetition time [TR]/flip-angle = 12 ms/60°) was implemented at 15.2T and compared to CSI (TR/flip-angle = 95 ms/90°) regarding SNR and spectral isolation, in simulations, in deuterated phantoms and for the in vivo diagnosis of a mouse tumor model of pancreatic adenocarcinoma (N = 10). Results: Simulations predicted an SNR increase vs. CSI of 3-5, and that the peaks of 2H-water, 2H6,6’-glucose, and 2H3,3’-lactate can be well isolated by ME-bSSFP; phantoms confirmed this. In vivo, at equal spatial resolution (1.25 × 1.25 mm2) and scan time (10 min), 2H6,6’-glucose’s and 2H3,3’-lactate’s SNR were indeed higher for bSSFP than for CSI, three-fold for glucose (57 ± 30 vs. 19 ± 11, P < .001), doubled for water (13 ± 5 vs. 7 ± 3, P = .005). The time courses and overall localization of all metabolites agreed well, comparing CSI against ME-bSSFP. However, a clearer localization of glucose in kidneys and bladder, the detection of glucose-avid rims in certain tumors, and a heterogeneous pattern of intra-tumor lactate production could only be observed using ME-bSSFP’s higher resolution. Conclusions: ME-bSSFP provides greater SNR per unit time than CSI, providing for higher spatial resolution mapping of glucose uptake and lactate production in tumors.<br />
שפה מקוריתאנגלית
עמודים (מ-עד)2604-2617
מספר עמודים14
כתב עתMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
כרך86
מספר גיליון5
מזהי עצם דיגיטלי (DOIs)
סטטוס פרסוםפורסם - 30 יוני 2021

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