Fear conditioning leads to alteration in specific genes expression in cortical and thalamic neurons that project to the lateral amygdala

Ira K. Katz, Raphael Lamprecht

פרסום מחקרי: פרסום בכתב עתמאמרביקורת עמיתים

תקציר

RNA transcription is needed for memory formation. However, the ability to identify genes whose expression is altered by learning is greatly impaired because of methodological difficulties in profiling gene expression in specific neurons involved in memory formation. Here, we report a novel approach to monitor the expression of genes after learning in neurons in specific brain pathways needed for memory formation. In this study, we aimed to monitor gene expression after fear learning. We retrogradely labeled discrete thalamic neurons that project to the lateral amygdala (LA) of rats. The labeled neurons were dissected, using laser microdissection microscopy, after fear conditioning learning or unpaired training. The RNAs from the dissected neurons were subjected to microarray analysis. The levels of selected RNAs detected by the microarray analysis to be altered by fear conditioning were also assessed by nanostring analysis. We observed that the expression of genes involved in the regulation of translation, maturation and degradation of proteins was increased 6 h after fear conditioning compared to unpaired or naïve trained rats. These genes were not expressed 24 h after training or in cortical neurons that project to the LA. The expression of genes involved in transcription regulation and neuronal development was altered after fear conditioning learning in the cortical-LA pathway. The present study provides key information on the identity of genes expressed in discrete thalamic and cortical neurons that project to the LA after fear conditioning. Such an approach could also serve to identify gene products as targets for the development of a new generation of therapeutic agents that could be aimed to functionally identified brain circuits to treat memory-related disorders.

שפה מקוריתאנגלית אמריקאית
עמודים (מ-עד)313-326
מספר עמודים14
כתב עתJournal of Neurochemistry
כרך132
מספר גיליון3
מזהי עצם דיגיטלי (DOIs)
סטטוס פרסוםפורסם - פבר׳ 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2800.2804???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1300.1303???

טביעת אצבע

להלן מוצגים תחומי המחקר של הפרסום 'Fear conditioning leads to alteration in specific genes expression in cortical and thalamic neurons that project to the lateral amygdala'. יחד הם יוצרים טביעת אצבע ייחודית.

פורמט ציטוט ביבליוגרפי