Exaggerating Accessible Differences: When Gender Stereotypes Overestimate Actual Group Differences

Tal Eyal, Nicholas Epley

פרסום מחקרי: פרסום בכתב עתמאמרביקורת עמיתים

תקציר

Stereotypes are often presumed to exaggerate group differences, but empirical evidence is mixed. We suggest exaggeration is moderated by the accessibility of specific stereotype content. In particular, because the most accessible stereotype contents are attributes perceived to differ between groups, those attributes are most likely to exaggerate actual group differences due to regression to the mean. We tested this hypothesis using a highly accessible gender stereotype: that women are more socially sensitive than men. We confirmed that the most accessible stereotype content involves attributes perceived to differ between groups (pretest), and that these stereotypes contain some accuracy but significantly exaggerate actual gender differences (Experiment 1). We observe less exaggeration when judging less accessible stereotype content (Experiment 2), or when judging individual men and women (Experiment 3). Considering the accessibility of specific stereotype content may explain when stereotypes exaggerate actual group differences and when they do not.

שפה מקוריתאנגלית אמריקאית
עמודים (מ-עד)1323-1336
מספר עמודים14
כתב עתPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
כרך43
מספר גיליון9
מזהי עצם דיגיטלי (DOIs)
סטטוס פרסוםפורסם - 1 ספט׳ 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • ???subjectarea.asjc.3200.3207???

טביעת אצבע

להלן מוצגים תחומי המחקר של הפרסום 'Exaggerating Accessible Differences: When Gender Stereotypes Overestimate Actual Group Differences'. יחד הם יוצרים טביעת אצבע ייחודית.

פורמט ציטוט ביבליוגרפי