Enhancement of forced convection heat transfer in mini and micro channels by liquid-liquid phase separation of lower critical solution temperature systems

Idan Shem-Tov, Wei Xing, Vered Segal, Irina Vishnevetsky, Yingying Wang, Yoav Peles, Neima Brauner, Amos Ullmann

פרסום מחקרי: פרסום בכתב עתמאמר מכנסביקורת עמיתים

תקציר

A comprehensive experimental study has been conducted to explore the possibility of enhancing the single-phase convective heat transfer at the mini and micro scales by temperature-induced phase separation of partially miscible liquid-liquid systems with a Lower Critical Solution Temperature (LCST). The performance of two LCST coolants has been examined: triethylamine+water (LCST at 18 oC) and Lutidine+water (LCST at 34 oC). It is shown that phase separation enhances heat transfer rates from a heated surface at a constant heat flux. Average heat transfer coefficients of up to 2.5 times the corresponding single-phase mixture flow were obtained, with no apparent pressure drop increase. The results show no significant effect of downscaling the channel size on the extent of heat transfer augmentation. The heat transfer enhancement is attributed to the lateral convection of the separating domains, which is driven by the so-called Korteweg capillary forces, and the enlarged apparent specific heat due to the endothermic phase separation. The findings are substantiated by numerical solution of a micro-scale diffuse-interface model for simulating the non-isothermal phase separation process.

שפה מקוריתאנגלית
עמודים (מ-עד)5417-5424
מספר עמודים8
כתב עתInternational Heat Transfer Conference
כרך2018-August
מזהי עצם דיגיטלי (DOIs)
סטטוס פרסוםפורסם - 2018
אירוע16th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 2018 - Beijing, סין
משך הזמן: 10 אוג׳ 201815 אוג׳ 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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  • ???subjectarea.asjc.2200.2210???
  • ???subjectarea.asjc.1500.1507???

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