We provide the first classification of three-photon eigenstates in a finite periodic array of two-level atoms coupled to a waveguide. We focus on the strongly subwavelength limit and show the hierarchical structure of the eigenstates in the complex plane. The main characteristic eigenstates are explored using entanglement entropy as a distinguishing feature. We show that the rich interplay of order, chaos and localization found in two-photon systems extends naturally to three-photon systems. There also exist interaction-induced localized states unique to three-photon systems such as bound trimers, corner states, and trimer edge states.
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