Women executives and financing pecking order of GEM-listed companies: Moderating roles of social capital and regional institutional environment

Xu Wang, Shengliang Deng, Ilan Alon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper investigates the financing options of female executives within China's unique environment. We examined 154 GEM enterprises listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange from 2009 to 2016. The data were analyzed using statistical procedures including multilevel regression analysis based on the existing financing pecking order models. Empirical evidence shows that women executives are less likely to use internal and debt financing. In terms of internal financing willingness, social capital and external institutional environment have negative and positive moderating effects respectively. In terms of debt financing willingness, social capital has a positive moderating effect. In addition, a poor external institutional environment has an amplifying effect on the moderating role of women executives’ social capital. Our study enriches current research on women executives' financing preferences which are limited to areas such as debt, equity financing and risk appetite and provides enlightenment for companies and women executives to improve their competitive advantages, and for government to optimize the external institutional environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-478
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Business Research
Volume136
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Financing choice
  • Regional institutional environment
  • Social capital
  • Women executives

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Marketing

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