VLC-Enabled Human-Aware Building Management System

Yehuda E. Kalay, Haripriya Sathyanarayanan, Davide Schaumann, Albert Wang, Gang Chen, Ramdas G. Pai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

“Smart” buildings that can sense and detect people’s presence have been in use for the past few decades, mostly using technologies that trigger reactive responses such as turning on/off heating/ventilating, lighting, security, etc. We argue that to be considered truly smart, buildings must become “aware” about the locations and activities of their inhabitants so they can proactively engage with the occupants and inform their decision making with respect to which actions to execute, by whom and where. To help assess the potential impact of “aware” buildings on their occupants, we are developing a multi-agent simulation-powered building management system that can sense human and building assets, extrapolate patterns of utilization, simulate what-if scenarios and suggest changes to user activities and resource allocation to maximize specific Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). The system is able to evaluate the implications of potential conflict resolution strategies and account for individual and collaborative activities of different types of users in semantically rich environments. Sensing in our case is based on Visible Light Communication (VLC) technology, embedded in a building’s LED lighting system. It can detect the actors, where they are located and what they do. To understand what happens in each space at any given time the information derived from the VLC system is combined with models of users’ activity schedules, profiles, and space affordances. We demonstrate our approach by hypothetically applying it to a Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory (CCL). The CCL is high-intensity hospital unit, second only to the Emergency Department in terms of the urgency of the cases it must handle. An aware building will help both patients and staff to allocate their (always scarce) resources more efficiently, saving time and alleviating stress.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDistributed, Ambient and Pervasive Interactions - 8th International Conference, DAPI 2020, Held as Part of the 22nd HCI International Conference, HCII 2020, Proceedings
EditorsNorbert Streitz, Shin’ichi Konomi
Pages207-222
Number of pages16
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Event8th International Conference on Distributed, Ambient and Pervasive Interactions, DAPI 2020, held as part of the 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2020 - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 19 Jul 202024 Jul 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12203 LNCS

Conference

Conference8th International Conference on Distributed, Ambient and Pervasive Interactions, DAPI 2020, held as part of the 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2020
Country/TerritoryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period19/07/2024/07/20

Keywords

  • Hospital environments
  • Human behavior simulation
  • Smart environments
  • Space utilization
  • Visible light communication

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science

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