Violence and non-violent means in the Mongol conquest of Baghdad

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The Mongol conquest of Baghdad in 656/1258 has often been described as a medieval holocaust, an extremely violent act, which led not only to the collapse of the ‘Abbāsid caliphate (750–1258) and the city of Baghdad, but to the decline of Islamic civilisation as a whole. Clichés such as: ‘If the Mongols had not burnt the libraries of Baghdad in the 13th century, we Arabs would have had so much science, that we would long since have invented the atomic bomb’¹ can still be heard in the Arab world. Moreover, this anachronistic view has been revived in the last
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationViolence in Islamic thought from the Mongols to European imperialism
EditorsRobert Gleave, István T. Kristó-Nagy
Place of PublicationEdinburgh
PublisherEdinburgh University Press
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9781474413008
StatePublished - 2018


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