Violation of expectations is correlated with satisfaction following hip arthroscopy

Shai Factor, Yair Neuman, Matias Vidra, Moshe Shalom, Adi Lichtenstein, Eyal Amar, Ehud Rath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The mechanism by which preoperative expectations may be associated with patient satisfaction and procedural outcomes following hip preservation surgery (HPS) is far from simple or linear. The purpose of this study is to better understand patient expectations regarding HPS and their relationship with patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and satisfaction using machine learning (ML) algorithms. Methods: Patients scheduled for hip arthroscopy completed the Hip Preservation Surgery Expectations Survey (HPSES) and the pre- and a minimum 2 year postoperative International Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-33). Patient demographics, including age, gender, occupation, and body mass index (BMI), were also collected. At the latest follow-up, patients were evaluated for subjective satisfaction and postoperative complications. ML algorithms and standard statistics were used. Results: A total of 69 patients were included in this study (mean age 33.7 ± 13.1 years, 62.3% males). The mean follow-up period was 27 months. The mean HPSES score, patient satisfaction, preoperative, and postoperative iHOT-33 were 83.8 ± 16.5, 75.9 ± 26.9, 31.6 ± 15.8, and 73 ± 25.9, respectively. Fifty-nine patients (86%) reported that they would undergo the surgery again, with no significant difference with regards to expectations. A significant difference was found with regards to expectation violation (p < 0.001). Expectation violation scores were also found to be significantly correlated with satisfaction. Conclusion: ML algorithms utilized in this study demonstrate that violation of expectations plays an important predictive role in postoperative outcomes and patient satisfaction and is associated with patients’ willingness to undergo surgery again. Level of evidence: IV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2023-2029
Number of pages7
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2023


  • Expectations
  • Femoroacetabular impingement
  • Hip arthroscopy
  • Labral tears
  • Machine learning
  • Satisfaction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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