Versatile approach for frequency resolved wavefront characterization

Eugene Frumker, Gerhard G. Paulus, Hiromichi Niikura, David M. Villeneuve, Paul B. Corkum

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Spatial characterization of high harmonics (HH) and XUV coherent radiation is of paramount importance, along with its temporal characterization. For many applications it will be necessary to accurately measure the beam properties, just as it is important to know the beam characteristics for many laser experiments. For example, high harmonics and attosecond pulses are being proposed as a front-end for the next generation X-ray free electron lasers. This oscillator-amplifier-like arrangement will require well characterized high harmonic sources. On the other hand, the electromagnetic radiation carries the combined signature of underlying quantum physical processes at the molecular level and of the cooperative phase matching. For example, accurate reconstruction of the high harmonic spatial wavefront, along with its temporal profile, gives us a complete range of tools to apply to the fundamental quantum properties and dynamics associated with high harmonic generation. We present a new concept of frequency resolved wavefront characterization that is particularly suitable for characterizing XUV radiation. In keeping with tradition in the area we give it an acronym - SWORD (Spectral Wavefront Optical Reconstruction by Diffraction). Our approach is based on an analysis of the diffraction pattern of a slit situated in front of a flat-field spectrometer. As the slit is scanned, the spectrally resolved diffraction pattern is recorded. Analyzing the measured diffractogram, we can reconstruct the wavefront. The technique can be easily extended beyond the XUV spectral region. When combined with temporal characterization techniques all information about the beam can be measured.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationFrontiers in Ultrafast Optics
Subtitle of host publicationBiomedical, Scientific, and Industrial Applications XI
StatePublished - 18 Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes
EventFrontiers in Ultrafast Optics: Biomedical, Scientific, and Industrial Applications XI - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 23 Jan 201126 Jan 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering


ConferenceFrontiers in Ultrafast Optics: Biomedical, Scientific, and Industrial Applications XI
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA


  • XUV coherent radiation
  • attosecond pulses
  • high harmonics
  • wavefront sensing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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