Usefulness of Non–High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol as a Predictor of Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Men in 22-Year Follow-Up

Gil Harari, Manfred S. Green, Avi Magid, Shira Zelber-Sagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) may be equivalent or superior to low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) for prediction of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. However, studies comparing the predictive values of LDL-C and non-HDL-C for CVD and total mortality in a long-term follow-up yielded conflicting results. The Cardiovascular Occupational Risk Factor Determination in Israel Study (CORDIS) is a prospective cohort study of a young industrial population of workers with a long-term follow-up. The initial phase of the study was carried out in 1985–1999. Interviews and physical examinations were conducted, and fasting blood samples, including lipid panels, were undertaken. In 2007, after a 22-year follow-up period, the baseline data were merged with data on all-cause and CVD mortality obtained from the Israeli National Death Registry. A total of 4,832 men were included in the analysis with a mean age of 42.1 ± 12.1 years. Univariate analysis indicated a positive association between non-HDL-C and LDL-C levels and an increased risk for both all-cause and CVD mortality. Multiple regression analysis, following adjustment for potential confounders, resulted in attenuation of the association of both lipoproteins with total mortality. The adjusted association between non-HDL-C levels ≥190 mg/dl and CVD mortality remained significant (hazard ratio 1.80, 95% confidence interval 1.10 to 2.96), but the association of LDL-C with CVD mortality was attenuated (hazard ratio 1.53, 95% confidence interval 0.98 to 2.39). In conclusion, non-HDL-C may be a more potent predictor of CVD mortality than LDL-C levels.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1193-1198
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Issue number8
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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