Universal Nonphononic Density of States in 2D, 3D, and 4D Glasses

Geert Kapteijns, Eran Bouchbinder, Edan Lerner

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It is now well established that structural glasses possess disorder- and frustration-induced soft quasilocalized excitations, which play key roles in various glassy phenomena. Recent work has established that in model glass formers in three dimensions, these nonphononic soft excitations may assume the form of quasilocalized, harmonic vibrational modes whose frequency follows a universal density of states D(ω)∼ω4, independently of microscopic details, and for a broad range of glass preparation protocols. Here, we further establish the universality of the nonphononic density of vibrational modes by direct measurements in model structural glasses in two dimensions and four dimensions. We also investigate their degree of localization, which is generally weaker in lower spatial dimensions, giving rise to a pronounced system-size dependence of the nonphononic density of states in two dimensions, but not in higher dimensions. Finally, we identify a fundamental glassy frequency scale ωc above which the universal ω4 law breaks down.

Original languageEnglish
Article number055501
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number5
StatePublished - 3 Aug 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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