Transnational identity politics in the americas: Reshaping “Nuestramérica” as Chavismo’s regional legitimation strategy

Daniel F. Wajner, Luis Roniger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article suggests that transnational motives have remained key components of legitimation strategies for regional realignment in Latin America. Specifically, we assess the legitimation strategy of the late Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez and the associated political movement, Chavismo, as a recent case of transnational identity politics. Studies of Chavismo have stressed its role in the changing balance of power in early twenty-first-century Venezuela and the redrafting of global alliances, through a series of organizational moves and petrodollars. Combined with these political and economic boosters, Chavismo’s impact was sustained through a strategy that sought legitimation by drawing on earlier narratives of the solidarity of “Nuestramérica” (Our America), used in reshaping transnational networks within the region and beyond. This identity layer provided a basis for regional and international realignment and organizational creation, even if more recently it lost traction and became criticized for its unfulfilled promises and growing gap between rhetoric and implementation.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)458-475
Number of pages18
JournalLatin American Research Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development
  • Anthropology
  • General
  • General Arts and Humanities
  • General Economics,Econometrics and Finance
  • History
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Literature and Literary Theory


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