## Abstract

We study a random walk on Z which evolves in a dynamic environment determined by its own trajectory. Sites flip back and forth between two modes, p and q. R consecutive right jumps from a site in the q-mode are required to switch it to the p-mode, and L consecutive left jumps from a site in the p-mode are required to switch it to the q-mode. From a site in the p-mode the walk jumps right with probability p and left with probability 1 - p, while from a site in the q-mode these probabilities are q and 1 - q. We prove a sharp cutoff for right/left transience of the random walk in terms of an explicit function of the parameters α= α(p, q, R, L). For α> 1 / 2 the walk is transient to + ∞ for any initial environment, whereas for α< 1 / 2 the walk is transient to - ∞ for any initial environment. In the critical case, α= 1 / 2 , the situation is more complicated and the behavior of the walk depends on the initial environment. Nevertheless, we are able to give a characterization of transience/recurrence in many instances, including when either R= 1 or L= 1 and when R= L= 2. In the noncritical case, we also show that the walk has positive speed, and in some situations are able to give an explicit formula for this speed.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 917-978 |

Number of pages | 62 |

Journal | Probability Theory and Related Fields |

Volume | 167 |

Issue number | 3-4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Apr 2017 |

## Keywords

- Ballistic
- Recurrence
- Self-interacting random walks
- Transience

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Analysis
- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty