Transformations among Pure Multipartite Entangled States via Local Operations are Almost Never Possible

David Sauerwein, Nolan R. Wallach, Gilad Gour, Barbara Kraus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Local operations assisted by classical communication (LOCC) constitute the free operations in entanglement theory. Hence, the determination of LOCC transformations is crucial for the understanding of entanglement. We characterize here almost all LOCC transformations among pure multipartite multilevel states. Combined with the analogous results for qubit states shown by Gour et al. [J. Math. Phys. (N.Y.) 58, 092204 (2017)JMAPAQ0022-248810.1063/1.5003015], this gives a characterization of almost all local transformations among multipartite pure states. We show that nontrivial LOCC transformations among generic, fully entangled, pure states are almost never possible. Thus, almost all multipartite states are isolated. They can neither be deterministically obtained from local-unitary-inequivalent (LU-inequivalent) states via local operations, nor can they be deterministically transformed to pure, fully entangled LU-inequivalent states. In order to derive this result, we prove a more general statement, namely, that, generically, a state possesses no nontrivial local symmetry. We discuss further consequences of this result for the characterization of optimal, probabilistic single-copy and probabilistic multicopy LOCC transformations and the characterization of LU-equivalence classes of multipartite pure states.

Original languageEnglish
Article number031020
JournalPhysical Review X
Issue number3
StatePublished - 23 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


Dive into the research topics of 'Transformations among Pure Multipartite Entangled States via Local Operations are Almost Never Possible'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this