## Abstract

The holographic conceptual approach for cognitive processes in human brain is investigated by neuroscientists due to the ability of holography to describe sophisticated phenomena of human perception and cognition. In this work we suggest a new mathematical description for Pribram's holographic or "holonomic" representation approach for the mind. Namely, we consider: (i) randomization of information, and (ii) Walsh-Hadamard spectral representation of holograms, rather than the well-known Fourier transform representation. The randomization reflects the belief that perceptual processes are not direct, but depend on the perceiver's expectations and previous knowledge as well as the information available in the stimulus itself. The use of Fourier transform and in our case Walsh-Hadamard transform reflects the possibility that each neuron or group of neurons encode some information about the entire image rather than the whole information about a part of the image. We demonstrate that the Walsh-Hadamard transform has benefits over the general Fourier transform. The encoding is performed on randomized information that is then represented by a set of spectral Wash-Hadamard coefficients that have holographic properties. Namely, any portion of the set of coefficients defines a "blurry image" of the original data. The values of the coefficients of the Walsh-Hadamard transformation are distributed approximately normally when the information is randomized, ensuring, with high probability, that growing sets of coefficients implies a monotonic gain of information. Moreover the randomization of the original information yields robust code that is able to cope with missing coefficients. The bridge between the randomization and holographic encoding with the well-known holographic human brain assumption may bring an interesting interpretation of the perception phenomena. In particular, holographic encoding fits the mystery of the human memory encoding, where damage of portions leaves a blurred image and memories. Finally, we give an example of a simple implementation of our approach using neural networks.

Original language | American English |
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Title of host publication | Physics, Computation, and the Mind - Advances and Challenges at Interfaces - Proceedings of the 12th Granada Seminar on Computational and Statistical Physics |

Editors | J. M. Cortes, Pedro L. Garrido, Joaquin Marro, Joaquin J. Torres |

Pages | 142-150 |

Number of pages | 9 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9780735411289 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Jan 2013 |

Event | 12th Granada Seminar on Computational and Statistical Physics: Physics, Computation, and the Mind - Advances and Challenges at Interfaces - La Herradura, Spain Duration: 17 Sep 2012 → 21 Sep 2012 |

### Publication series

Name | AIP Conference Proceedings |
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Volume | 1510 |

### Conference

Conference | 12th Granada Seminar on Computational and Statistical Physics: Physics, Computation, and the Mind - Advances and Challenges at Interfaces |
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Country/Territory | Spain |

City | La Herradura |

Period | 17/09/12 → 21/09/12 |

## Keywords

- Walsh-Hadamard
- brain
- holographic memory
- neural network

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- General Physics and Astronomy