Toward complete spectroscopy using β decay: The example of Cl 32 (βγ) S 32

E. Aboud, M. B. Bennett, C. Wrede, M. Friedman, S. N. Liddick, D. Pérez-Loureiro, D. W. Bardayan, B. A. Brown, A. A. Chen, K. A. Chipps, C. Fry, B. E. Glassman, C. Langer, E. I. McNeice, Z. Meisel, W. J. Ong, P. D. O'Malley, S. D. Pain, C. J. Prokop, H. SchatzS. B. Schwartz, S. Suchyta, P. Thompson, M. Walters, X. Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Cl32 is a neutron-deficient isotope with a β-decay half-life of 298 ms and a spin and parity of Jπ=1+. Previous measurements of Cl32 β-delayed γ rays have yielded a β-decay scheme with twelve β-decay transitions, contributing to studies of nuclear structure and fundamental symmetries. Those experiments have been limited to the observation of S32 states with Jπ=0+,1+,2+. Purpose: Our goal is to search for new β-delayed γ rays and β-decay transitions of Cl32 to S32. Methods: A measurement of Cl32 β-delayed γ decay has been performed using the Clovershare array of high-purity germanium detectors at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory. Results: By acquiring the highest-statistics Cl32 β-delayed γ-ray spectrum to date and exploiting a new sensitivity to γ-γ coincidences, this experiment has enabled the observation of nine previously unobserved β-delayed γ-ray transitions, leading to the inference of five β-decay transitions never before observed in Cl32 β-delayed γ decay. The set of observed states includes negative-parity states for the first time. By combining the new information with data from previous work, the lifetimes and partial widths of the 8861- and 9650-keV states of S32 have been determined. In addition, the P31(p,α)Si28 resonance strength of the 9650-keV state has been limited to ωγ<9.8 meV, which is an improvement over direct measurements. Conclusion: An enhanced decay scheme has been constructed. Most of the excited bound S32 states that would correspond to allowed and first-forbidden β-decay transitions have been observed, demonstrating the potential of β-decay experiments to approach complete spectroscopy measurements at the next generation of radioactive beam facilities. The observed positive-parity levels are well matched by sd shell-model calculations.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number024309
JournalPhysical Review C
Issue number2
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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