The canonical Evans-Majumdar model for diffusion with stochastic resetting to the origin assumes that resetting takes zero time: upon resetting the diffusing particle is teleported back to the origin to start its motion anew. However, in reality getting from one place to another takes a finite amount of time which must be accounted for as diffusion with resetting already serves as a model for a myriad of processes in physics and beyond. Here we consider a situation where upon resetting the diffusing particle returns to the origin at a finite (rather than infinite) speed. This creates a coupling between the particle's random position at the moment of resetting and its return time, and further gives rise to a nontrivial cross-talk between two separate phases of motion: the diffusive phase and the return phase. We show that each of these phases relaxes to the steady state in a unique manner; and while this could have also rendered the total relaxation dynamics extremely nontrivial, our analysis surprisingly reveals otherwise. Indeed, the time-dependent distribution describing the particle's position in our model is completely invariant to the speed of return. Thus, whether returns are slow or fast, we always recover the result originally obtained for diffusion with instantaneous returns to the origin.
|Journal||Physical Review E|
|State||Published - 7 Oct 2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics