Performing thyroid function tests (TFT) at 2 weeks of age in neonates of mothers with hypothyroidism, despite having a newborn screening program, is a debated approach. We examined whether there is an additional clinical benefit in TFT at 2 weeks of age in neonates born to mothers with hypothyroidism, in addition to the neonatal screening program. We performed a retrospective study which included all newborns of mothers with a diagnosis of hypothyroidism and gave birth in a single regional hospital between the years 2010 and 2016. Data were collected from a computerized medical record system of the hospital and the community clinics, and from Israel’s national newborn screening program. Main outcome measure was results of serum TFT in comparison to the results of the neonatal screening test. There were 1392 newborns eligible according to the study criteria. Of these, 1033 underwent a newborn screening test, and serum TFT at least 2 weeks after birth. Eight babies with congenital hypothyroidism were detected independently by both the newborn screening program and at the TFT performed at 2 weeks of age. Conclusions: No added clinical benefit was found in retesting newborns of hypothyroid mothers for thyroid function in addition to the newborn screening program.What is Known• Performing thyroid function test 2 weeks after birth is a common practice in newborn to a mother with hypothyroidism.• Neonatal screening program for thyroid function is also done in these newborns.What is New• No newborn was found to have a normal newborn screening test but abnormal serum thyroid function test.• No added clinical benefit was found in retesting newborns of hypothyroid mothers for thyroid function in addition to the newborn screening program.
- Congenital hypothyroidism
- Maternal hypothyroidism
- Newborn screening program
- Thyroid function test
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health