Thermo-mechanical behavior of electrospun thermoplastic polyurethane nanofibers

Dmitriy Alhazov, Arkadiusz Gradys, Pawel Sajkiewicz, Arkadii Arinstein, Eyal Zussman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Analysis of the thermo-mechanical behavior of electrospun thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) block co-polymer nanofibers (glass transition temperature ∼-50 C) is presented. Upon heating, nanofibers began to massively contract, at ∼70 C, whereas TPU cast films started to expand. Radial wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) profiles of the nanofibers and the films showed no diffraction peaks related to crystals, whereas their amorphous halo had an asymmetric shape, which can be approximated by two components, associated with hard and soft segments. During heating, noticeable changes in the contribution of these components were only observed in nanofibers. These changes, which were accompanied with an endothermic DSC peak, coinciding with the start of the nanofibers contraction, can be attributed to relaxation of an oriented stretched amorphous phase created during electrospinning. Such structure relaxation becomes possible when a portion of the hard segment clusters, forming an effective physical network, is destroyed upon heating.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3851-3856
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume49
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Block-copolymer
  • Electrospinning
  • Nanofibers
  • Thermo-mechanical properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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