Thermal low spinhigh spin equilibrium of Fe(II) in thiospinels CuFe 0.5(Sn(1-x)Tix)1.5S4 (0≤x≤1)

M. Womes, C. Reibel, A. Mari, D. Zitoun

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A series of spinel compounds with composition CuFe0.5(Sn (1-x)Tix)1.5S4 (0≤x≤1) is analysed by X-ray diffraction, measurements of magnetic susceptibilities and 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. All samples show a temperature-dependent equilibrium between an electronic low spin 3d(t 2g)6(eg)0 and a high spin 3d(t 2g)4(eg)2 state of the Fe(II) ions. The spin crossover is of the continuous type and extends over several hundred degrees in all samples. The Sn/Ti ratio influences the thermal equilibrium between the two spin states. Substitution of Sn(IV) by the smaller Ti(IV) ions leads to a more compact crystal lattice, which, in contrast to many metalorganic Fe(II) complexes, does not stabilise the low spin state, but increases the residual high spin fraction for T→0 K. The role played by antiferromagnetic spin coupling in the stabilisation of the high spin state is discussed. The results are compared with model calculations treating the effect of magnetic interactions on spin state equilibria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)753-763
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2011


  • Exchange interaction
  • Magnetic properties
  • Mössbauer spectroscopy
  • Spin crossover
  • Spinel lattice

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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