The secret to happiness: Feeling good or feeling right?

Maya Tamir, Shalom H. Schwartz, Shige Oishi, Min Y. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Which emotional experiences should people pursue to optimize happiness? According to traditional subjective well-being research, the more pleasant emotions we experience, the happier we are. According to Aristotle, the more we experience the emotions we want to experience, the happier we are. We tested both predictions in a cross-cultural sample of 2,324 participants from 8 countries around the world. We assessed experienced emotions, desired emotions, and indices of well-being and depressive symptoms. Across cultures, happier people were those who more often experienced emotions they wanted to experience, whether these were pleasant (e.g., love) or unpleasant (e.g., hatred). This pattern applied even to people who wanted to feel less pleasant or more unpleasant emotions than they actually felt. Controlling for differences in experienced and desired emotions left the pattern unchanged. These findings suggest that happiness involves experiencing emotions that feel right, whether they feel good or not.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1448-1459
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: General
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2017


  • Culture
  • Emotion
  • Happiness
  • Motivation
  • Well-being

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • General Psychology


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