The role of IL-1β in the early tumor cell-induced angiogenic response

Yaron Carmi, Shahar Dotan, Peleg Rider, Irena Kaplanov, Malka R. White, Rona Baron, Shai Abutbul, Monica Huszar, Charles A. Dinarello, Ron N. Apte, Elena Voronov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, we assessed the involvement of IL-1β in early angiogenic responses induced by malignant cells using Matrigel plugs supplemented with B16 melanoma cells. We found that during the angiogenic response, IL-1β and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) interact in a newly described autoinduction circuit, in which each of these cytokines induces the other. The IL-1β and VEGF circuit acts through interactions between bone marrow-derived VEGF receptor 1+/IL-1R1+ immature myeloid cells and tissue endothelial cells. Myeloid cells produce IL-1β and additional proinflammatory cytokines, which subsequently activate endothelial cells to produce VEGF and other proangiogenic factors and provide the inflammatory microenvironment for angiogenesis and tumor progression. These mechanisms were also observed in a nontumor early angiogenic response elicited in Matrigel plugs by either rIL-1β or recombinant VEGF. We have shown that IL-1β inhibition stably reduces tumor growth by limiting inflammation and inducing the maturation of immature myeloid cells into M1 macrophages. In sharp contrast, only transient inhibition of tumor growth was observed after VEGF neutralization, followed by tumor recurrence mediated by rebound angiogenesis. This occurs via the reprogramming of VEGF receptor 1+/IL-1R1 + cells to express hypoxia inducible factor-1α, VEGF, and other angiogenic factors, thereby directly supporting proliferation of endothelial cells and blood vessel formation in a paracrine manner.We suggest using IL-1β inhibition as an effective antitumor therapy and are currently optimizing the conditions for its application in the clinic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3500-3509
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


Dive into the research topics of 'The role of IL-1β in the early tumor cell-induced angiogenic response'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this