The role of executive control in post-stroke aphasia treatment

Tijana Simic, Tali Bitan, Gary Turner, Craig Chambers, Devora Goldberg, Carol Leonard, Elizabeth Rochon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Executive control (EC) ability is increasingly emerging as an important predictor of post-stroke aphasia recovery. This study examined whether EC predicted immediate treatment gains, treatment maintenance and generalization after naming therapy in ten adults with mild to severe chronic post-stroke aphasia. Performance on multiple EC tasks allowed for the creation of composite scores for common EC, and the EC processes of shifting, inhibition and working memory (WM) updating. Participants were treated three times a week for five weeks with a phonological naming therapy; difference scores in naming accuracy of treated and untreated words (assessed pre, post, four- and eight-weeks after therapy) served as the primary outcome measures. Results from simple and multiple linear regressions indicate that individuals with better shifting and WM updating abilities demonstrated better maintenance of treated words at four-week follow-up, and those with better common EC demonstrated better maintenance of treated words at both four- and eight-week follow-ups. Better shifting ability also predicted better generalization to untreated words post-therapy. Measures of EC were not indicative of improvements on treated words immediately post-treatment, nor of generalization to untreated words at follow-up. Findings suggest that immediate treatment gains, maintenance and generalization may be supported by different underlying mechanisms.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1853-1892
Number of pages40
JournalNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
Issue number10
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • Aphasia
  • anomia
  • executive control
  • executive functions
  • treatment

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Rehabilitation
  • Applied Psychology


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