The Role and Dynamics of β-Catenin in Precondition Induced Neuroprotection after Traumatic Brain Injury

Gali Umschweif, Alexander G. Alexandrovich, Victoria Trembovler, Michal Horowitz, Esther Shohami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Preconditioning via heat acclimation (34°C 30 d) results in neuroprotection from traumatic brain injury due to constitutive as well as dynamic changes triggered by the trauma. Among these changes is Akt phosphorylation, which decreases apoptosis and induces HIF1α. In the present study we investigated the Akt downstream GSK3β/β -catenin pathway and focused on post injury alternations of β catenin and its impact on the cellular response in preconditioned heat acclimated mice. We found that the reduction in motor disability is accompanied with attenuation of depressive like behavior in heat acclimated mice that correlates with the GSK3β phosphorylation state. Concomitantly, a robust β catenin phosphorylation is not followed by its degradation, or by reduced nuclear accumulation. Enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation of β catenin in the injured area weakens the β catenin-N cadherin complex. Membrane β catenin is transiently reduced in heat acclimated mice and its recovery 7 days post TBI is accompanied by induction of the synaptic marker synaptophysin. We suggest a set of cellular events following traumatic brain injury in heat acclimated mice that causes β catenin to participate in cell-cell adhesion alternations rather than in Wnt signaling. These events may contribute to synaptogenesis and the improved motor and cognitive abilities seen heat acclimated mice after traumatic brain injury.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numbere76129
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Oct 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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