The price of bandit information in multiclass online classification

Amit Daniely, Tom Halbertal

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


We consider two scenarios of multiclass online learning of a hypothesis class H ⊆ YX. In the full information scenario, the learner is exposed to instances together with their labels. In the bandit scenario, the true label is not exposed, but rather an indication whether the learner's prediction is correct or not. We show that the ratio between the error rates in the two scenarios is at most 8 · |Y| · log(|Y|) in the realizable case, and Õ(√|Y|) in the agnostic case. The results are tight up to a logarithmic factor and essentially answer an open question from Daniely et al. (2011). We apply these results to the class of multiclass linear classifiers in ℝd with margin 1/D. We show that the bandit error rate of this class is Θ̃(D2|Y|) in the realizable case and Θ̃(D√;|Y|T) in the agnostic case. This resolves an open question from Kakade et al. (2008).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-104
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of Machine Learning Research
StatePublished - 2013
Event26th Conference on Learning Theory, COLT 2013 - Princeton, NJ, United States
Duration: 12 Jun 201314 Jun 2013


  • Bandits
  • Large Margin Halfspaces
  • Learnability
  • Littlestone Dimension
  • Multiclass classification
  • Online

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Artificial Intelligence


Dive into the research topics of 'The price of bandit information in multiclass online classification'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this