The Petrographic Study of the Pottery Assemblage from Nahạl Tsafit and Its Implications for Chalcolithic Copper Production Systems

Yuval Goren, Steven Arosen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Petrographic analysis of ceramics from the Nahạl Tsafit (ca. 4000 B.C.E.) campsite located in the Rotem Plain of the eastern Negev reflects pottery origins both in the Hebron Hills and environs, and most notably in the Faynan region. Attributed to the Chalcolithic Middle Timnian pastoral culture, mostly in deserts and contemporary with the Ghassulian culture, the analysis indicates connections to the copper source region in Faynan. Given the nomadic nature of the site, the absence of Ghassulian remains in Faynan, and the location of Nahạl Tsafit between Faynan and the Mediterranean subhumid climatic zone, the role of nomads as prime players in the Chalcolithic copper trade is suggested.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)175-187
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Schools of Oriental Research. Bulletin
Volume390
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Ghassulian culture
  • Late Chalcolithic
  • ceramic petrography
  • ceramic technology
  • copper production
  • provenience studies
  • southern Levant

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Archaeology
  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Archaeology

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