The labiopalatal impacted canine: Accurate diagnosis based on the position and size of adjacent teeth: A cone-beam computed tomography study

Stella Chaushu, Mikaela Vryonidou, Adrian Becker, Avi Leibovich, Eyal Dekel, Nimrod Dykstein, Ludovica Nucci, Letizia Perillo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Introduction: Labiopalatal impacted canines (L-PICs) occur when the canines lie between central and lateral incisors, with their tip palatal to the central incisor and part of their crown labial to the lateral incisor. Because of their unusual position, they are often misdiagnosed, and their orthodontic resolution fails. This study aims to provide clinicians with pathognomonic features for early and accurate positional diagnosis of L-PICs. Methods: The L-PIC sample included 21 subjects with full diagnostic records. The control group of normally erupted canines was taken from a previous study. Clinical photographs, 2-dimensional radiographs, and cone-beam computed tomography were used to evaluate the positions of the adjacent incisors and first premolars, the canine incisor index, and the mesiodistal width of the lateral vs central incisors. Results: Central incisors adjacent to L-PICs showed significant mesial root angulation, labial root inclination, and mesiolabial crown rotation, whereas lateral incisors presented significant distal root angulation, palatal root inclination, and mesiolabial crown rotation, in comparison to controls. The roots of the central and lateral incisors were divergent, in contrast to the controls, in which they were slightly convergent. The first premolar positions were not affected. The mean canine incisor index was significantly bigger in L-PICs vs the controls, suggesting a palatal canine. The lateral incisor widths were similar between the groups. Conclusions: This study provides the orthodontist with evidence-based clinical and radiographic red flags for diagnosing L-PIC, which may allow timely initiation of orthodontic treatment and correct planning of mechanotherapy.

    Original languageAmerican English
    Pages (from-to)690-699
    Number of pages10
    JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
    Volume163
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 2023

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Orthodontics

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