It is well-known that both wave function ab initio and DFT calculations on second-row compounds exhibit anomalously slow basis set convergence unless the basis sets are augmented with additional "tight" (high-exponent) d functions, as in the cc-pV(n+d)Z and aug-cc-pV(n+d)Z basis sets. This has been rationalized as being necessary for a better description of the low-lying 3d orbital, which as the oxidation state increases sinks low enough to act as a back-donation acceptor from chalcogen and halogen lone pairs. This prompts the question whether a similar phenomenon exists for the isovalent compounds of the heavy p-block. We show that for the fourth and fifth row, this is the case, but this time for tight f functions enhancing the description of the low-lying 4f and 5f Rydberg orbitals, respectively. In the third-row heavy p block, the 4f orbitals are too far up, while the 4d orbitals are adequately covered by the basis functions already present to describe the 3d subvalence orbitals.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||The journal of physical chemistry. A, Molecules, spectroscopy, kinetics, environment, & general theory|
|Early online date||28 Feb 2023|
|State||Published - 9 Mar 2023|