The holography of duality in N = 4 Super-Yang-Mills theory

Oren Bergman, Shinji Hirano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The space of N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories exhibits an intricate structure of global one-form symmetries and SL(2, ℤ) duality orbits. In this paper we study this structure from the point of view of the holographic dual Type IIB string theory. Generalizing work by Witten, we map the different theories based on the gauge algebras su(N), so(N), and sp(N) to a choice of boundary conditions on bulk gauge fields. We show how the one-form symmetries and their anomalies, as well as the duality properties of the gauge theories, arise in the holographic picture. Along the way we prove that the number of disjoint SL(2, ℤ) duality orbits for the su(N) theories is given by the number of square divisors of N.

Original languageEnglish
Article number69
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • AdS-CFT Correspondence
  • Anomalies in Field and String Theories
  • Discrete Symmetries
  • Duality in Gauge Field Theories

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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