The Hebrew Essay Corpus

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


We present the Hebrew Essay Corpus: an annotated corpus of Hebrew language argumentative essays authored by prospective higher-education students. The corpus includes both essays by native speakers, written as part of the psychometric exam that is used to assess their future success in academic studies; and essays authored by non-native speakers, with three different native languages, that were written as part of a language aptitude test. The corpus is uniformly encoded and stored. The nonnative essays were annotated with target hypotheses whose main goal is to make the texts amenable to automatic processing (morphological and syntactic analysis). The corpus is available for academic purposes upon request. We describe the corpus and the error correction and annotation schemes used in its analysis. In addition to introducing this new resource, we discuss the challenges of identifying and analyzing non-native language use in general, and propose various ways for dealing with these challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, LREC 2022
EditorsNicoletta Calzolari, Frederic Bechet, Philippe Blache, Khalid Choukri, Christopher Cieri, Thierry Declerck, Sara Goggi, Hitoshi Isahara, Bente Maegaard, Joseph Mariani, Helene Mazo, Jan Odijk, Stelios Piperidis
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9791095546726
StatePublished - 2022
Event13th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, LREC 2022 - Marseille, France
Duration: 20 Jun 202225 Jun 2022

Publication series

Name2022 Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, LREC 2022


Conference13th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, LREC 2022


  • Hebrew
  • Learner corpora
  • non-native language

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Library and Information Sciences
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Education


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