The flow dependent adhesion of von Willebrand factor (VWF)-A1 functionalized nanoparticles in an in vitro coronary stenosis model

Yathreb Asaad, Mark Epshtein, Andrew Yee, Netanel Korin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In arterial thrombosis, von Willebrand factor (VWF) bridges platelets to sites of vascular injury. The adhesive properties of VWF are controlled by its different domains, which may be engineered into ligands for targeting nanoparticles to vascular injuries. Here, we functionalized 200 nm polystyrene nanoparticles with the VWF-A1 domain and studied their spatial adhesion to collagen or collagen-VWF coated, real-sized coronary stenosis models under physiological flow. When VWF-A1 nano-particles (A1-NPs) were perfused through a 75% stenosis model coated with collagen-VWF, the particles preferentially adhered at the post stenotic region relative to the pre-stenosis region while much less adhesion was detected at the stenosis neck (~ 65-fold less). When infused through collagen-coated models or when the A1 coating density of nanoparticles was reduced by 100-fold, the enhanced adhesion at the post-stenotic site was abolished. In a 60% stenosis model, the adhesion of A1-NPs to collagen-VWF-coated models depended on the location examined within the stenosis. Altogether, our results indicate that VWF-A1 NPs exhibit a flow-structure dependent adhesion to VWF and illustrate the important role of studying cardiovascular nano-medicines in settings that closely model the size, geometry, and hemodynamics of pathological environments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2679
JournalMolecules
Volume24
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Atherothrombosis
  • Drug delivery
  • Nanoparticle adhesion
  • Von Willebrand factor

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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