We report on the possibility of removing boron (in the form of boric acid) from water by electrochemical means. We explore capacitive de-ionization (CDI) processes in which local changes in pH near the surface of high-surface-area activated carbon fiber (ACF) electrodes during charging are utilized, in order to dissociate boric acid into borate ions which can be electro-adsorbed onto the positive electrode in the CDI cells. For this purpose, a special flow-through CDI cell was constructed in which the feed solution flows through the electrodes. Local pH changes near the carbon electrode surface were investigated using a MgCl2 solution probe in three- (with reference) and two-electrode cells, and described qualitatively. We show that, to a certain extent, boron can indeed be removed from water by CDI.
- Boron removal
- Capacitive deionization
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)