The Emergence of Early Phoenicia

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The transition from the Iron Age I to the Iron Age IIA during the 10th century BCE was a period of profound political and socio-economic transformations in the Levant. One of these developments was the emergence of early Phoenicia. In its course, Phoenicia emanated as an interface of international exchange connecting Mediterranean and continental economies of the Levant. This had a profound impact on the societies of the Southern Levant in general and ancient Israel in particular. Phoenician influence was not just marginal for the history of ancient Israel but developed into an integral component of Israelite economic and political history.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-324
JournalJerusalem Journal of Archaeology
StatePublished - 2021


  • corporate communities
  • maritime trade
  • Mediterranean connectivity
  • Phoenicians
  • Iron age


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