The effects of a passive Bi-Polar Grid (BPG) on Ion Back-Flow (IBF) and resolution

V. Zakharov, E. Shulga, P. Garg, T. Hemmick, A. Milov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Time Projection Chambers (TPC)s are excellent tracking detectors for high multiplicity events and can intrinsically be high-rate, but are limited by the ions created in their avalanche stage. GEMs and Micromegas can reduce IBF through their geometry and E͐-field ratios, but these can lead to gain fluctuations and still leave IBF as the dominant source of space charge. An active BPG can block all IBF ions, but their slow drift speed creates too much dead time. A passive BPG will overcome this limitation by using an external B͐-field to allow the electrons to pass through while still blocking all ions. Since the grid changes the electron's trajectory, a loss of resolution will occur. The trajectory is shifted symmetrically along the wires so the wire alignment with respect to the detection pads is a specific question not studied before. We present completed IBF analysis from data collected at Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS), along with an intro to our test on wire resolution.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberC06024
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Mathematical Physics


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