The Effect of Group Membership and Individuating Information on Automatic and Deliberate Evaluation of Well-Known People

Mayan Navon, Anat Shechter, Yoav Bar-Anan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


People’s automatic (unintentional, uncontrollable, and efficient) preference between social groups often determines their automatic preference between unknown individual members of these groups, a prominent known the target individuals? Practice might automatize the deliberate judgment of the individuals. Then, if deliberate judgment is nonprejudiced, automatic prejudice might decrease. In 29 studies (total preferences between a famous member of a dominant social group and a famous group on indirect measures of evaluation that were developed to measure automatic preference and on self-report measures. In most studies, we chose pairs based on prior self-reported preference for the member of the stigmatized group. The measures showed discrepancy, indirect measures suggesting an automatic preference for the member of the dominant group. various target individuals, two pairs of social groups (Black/White, young), two indirect measures, and in two countries (Studies 1–23). The indirectly measured prodominant preference was stronger when visual characteristics of the group were present rather than absent (Studies 24 and 25), suggesting a stronger effect of group characteristics on automatic than on deliberate between the individuals. On self-report and indirect measures, the preferences between individuals between their groups (Studies 26 and 27) yet also to individuating information (Studies 28 and 29). Our results suggest that group evaluation plays a central role in the automatic evaluation of familiar (and not only novel) members of stigmatized groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)498-523
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • automatic
  • deliberate
  • individuation
  • prejudice
  • stereotypes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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