The effect of economic cycles on job satisfaction in a two-sector economy

Oded Ravid, Miki Malul, Ro'i Zultan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Economic growth improves the material well-being of all workers. However, when remuneration in the public sector is less sensitive to economic cycles than in the private sector, as is typically the case, economic growth will worsen the position of workers in the public sector relative to workers in the private sector, even though their income improves in absolute terms. As a result, job satisfaction may be countercyclical in the public sector. We test this counterintuitive hypothesis in a real-effort laboratory experiment that simulates an economy with two sectors differing only in their remuneration scheme. Economic cycles are introduced in order to test for their effect on job satisfaction and productivity in each sector. We find that job satisfaction in the “public” sector is negatively correlated with the state of the economy. This effect, however, does not carry over to productivity: even though an increase in a worker's productivity in the public sector reduces his relative income, in comparison to a similar private sector worker, we find that this does not have a negative effect on job satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2017


  • Incentives
  • Job satisfaction
  • Laboratory experiment
  • Public sector
  • Subjective well being

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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