The Characterization of Conditional Patterns in Old Babylonian Akkadian

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In this paper, a common paratactic conditional construction, found in the letter corpus of Old Babylonian Akkadian (~18th century bce), is given a syntactic characterization so as to differentiate it from other potential sequences. Several distinctive syntactic and semantic features unique to the construction are iden- tified and discussed: polar lexical resumption between the protasis and its pre- ceding co-text; negative polarity items in the protasis; special semantics of verbal forms; and divergence from the common modal-congruence. In addition, the structural variables are formulated, and eventually the construction itself is com- pared with another construction, the circumstantial construction.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAfroasiatic
Subtitle of host publicationData and Perspectives
EditorsMauro Tosco
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing Company
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9789027200129, 9789027264572
StatePublished - 2018

Publication series

NameAmsterdam Studies in the Theory and History of Linguistic Science IV
NameCurrent Issues in Linguistic Theory


  • Akkadian language
  • Old Babylonian Akkadian dialect
  • conditional sentence
  • negative polarity
  • parataxis
  • semantics
  • syntax


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