The association between health attitudes and behaviors and oral-health-related practices

Natalya Bilenko, Efrat Aflalo, Rita Dichtiar, Shlomo Paul Zusman, Lital Keinan-Boker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective was to examine the association between health attitudes and behaviors, and oral health practices in Israel. Method and Materials: Secondary data analysis was performed of a cross-sectional national Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) survey in Israel. Univariate and multivariate analysis assessed the association between health attitudes and behaviors and oral health practices, namely tooth brushing frequency and routine dental clinic attendance. Results: A statistically significant association was found between gender (women), ethnicity (Jews), socioeconomic status (higher), education (higher), and employment (yes), and better oral health practices. A statistically significant association was also observed between clustered health-compromising behaviors (HCB) and oral health practices: the higher the score, the higher the likelihood of inappropriate tooth brushing and dental clinic attendance (OR = 1.56, 95% CI = 1.85- 2.62, and OR = 2.20, 95% CI =1.31-1.86, respectively). A significant association was also observed using a compound variable of negative health attitudes (NHA): the higher the score, the higher the likelihood of inappropriate tooth brushing and dental clinic attendance (OR = 1.43, 95%CI = 1.55- 2.17, and OR = 1.84, 95% CI = 1.22-1.68, respectively). Conclusion: Positive general health behaviors and attitudes are associated with better oral health behaviors in a doseresponse association. These findings should be used to design appropriate and tailored health promotion programs in order to achieve oral and general behavioral change. Interventions should be also targeted toward high-risk groups in the population.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)153-162
Number of pages10
JournalQuintessence International
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Health attitudes
  • Health behaviors
  • Israel
  • Oral health behaviors
  • Sociodemographic variables

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Dentistry

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