The assessment of hazard awareness skills among light rail drivers

Avinoam Borowsky, Netta Palacci, Moshe Itzhaki, David Shinar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Light rail (LR) is a popular means of public transportation worldwide, in use in more than 380 cities worldwide. LR drivers must have good hazard awareness: the ability to understand the complexity of the traffic environment and anticipate road events. Yet, no study has examined LR drivers' ability to anticipate hazards, and this is the purpose of this study. The experimental group included 28 certified LR drivers from the LR in Jerusalem. The control group included 26 licensed drivers, with no experience in LR driving. Participants observed 18 short video clips of typical LR driving that were filmed from the LR driver's field of view and had to press a response button each time they identified a hazard. Participants' eye movements and button presses were recorded throughout the experiment. In general, LR drivers were better at identifying hazards compared to the control group. Novice LR drivers with less than 1 year of LR driving experience or under training were more likely to respond to hidden hazards and responded much sooner compared to both the experienced LR drivers and Control drivers. The implications are discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)15-28
Number of pages14
JournalTransportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019


  • Eye movements
  • Hazard awareness
  • Light rail drivers
  • Light rail driving experience

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Applied Psychology


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