The Aramaic Inscription from a Cave Complex at Abraham’s House, Mount of Olives and the Hasmonean Calendar—A New Reading and Interpretation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article presents a new reading and interpretation of the Aramaic burial inscription from the “Abraham’s House” complex. Rather than representing a curse, we propose that the inscription records the year in which the loculus was completed. Moreover, we suggested that year 99 is counted not from Hyrcanus’ death but rather from the time of his accession to high public office, either as king or as high priest. The use of a continuous numbering system extending back to a foundation date rather than the regnal years of an individual ruler is paralleled by the Seleucid calendar, and also echoes traditions found in Hebrew and Greek sources that such a system was current amongst the Hasmoneans. The identity of Hyrcanus and the implications for the dating of the inscription are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-303
Number of pages11
JournalJournal for the Study of Judaism
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Aramaic
  • Hasmonean
  • Hyrcanus
  • calendar
  • epigraphy
  • numerals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Religious studies
  • History
  • Literature and Literary Theory

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Aramaic Inscription from a Cave Complex at Abraham’s House, Mount of Olives and the Hasmonean Calendar—A New Reading and Interpretation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this