Testing the potential significance of different scion/rootstock genotype combinations on the ecology of old cultivated olive trees in the southeast Mediterranean area

Oz Barazani, Yoni Waitz, Yizhar Tugendhaft, Michael Dorman, Arnon Dag, Mohammed Hamidat, Thameen Hijawi, Zohar Kerem, Erik Westberg, Joachim W. Kadereit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: A previous multi-locus lineage (MLL) analysis of SSR-microsatellite data of old olive trees in the southeast Mediterranean area had shown the predominance of the Souri cultivar (MLL1) among grafted trees. The MLL analysis had also identified an MLL (MLL7) that was more common among rootstocks than other MLLs. We here present a comparison of the MLL combinations MLL1 (scion)/MLL7 (rootstock) and MLL1/MLL1 in order to investigate the possible influence of rootstock on scion phenotype. Results: A linear regression analysis demonstrated that the abundance of MLL1/MLL7 trees decreases and of MLL1/MLL1 trees increases along a gradient of increasing aridity. Hypothesizing that grafting on MLL7 provides an advantage under certain conditions, Akaike information criterion (AIC) model selection procedure was used to assess the influence of different environmental conditions on phenotypic characteristics of the fruits and oil of the two MLL combinations. The most parsimonious models indicated differential influences of environmental conditions on parameters of olive oil quality in trees belonging to the MLL1/MLL7 and MLL1/MLL1 combinations, but a similar influence on fruit characteristics and oil content. These results suggest that in certain environments grafting of the local Souri cultivar on MLL7 rootstocks and the MLL1/MLL1 combination result in improved oil quality. The decreasing number of MLL1/MLL7 trees along an aridity gradient suggests that use of this genotype combination in arid sites was not favoured because of sensitivity of MLL7 to drought. Conclusions: Our results thus suggest that MLL1/MLL7 and MLL1/MLL1 combinations were selected by growers in traditional rain-fed cultivation under Mediterranean climate conditions in the southeast Mediterranean area.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number3
JournalBMC Ecology
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • Akaike information criterion (AIC) selection model
  • Environmental conditions
  • Multi-locus lineage analysis
  • Olive oil quality
  • Selection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Environmental Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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