TEMPRANILLO reveals the mesophyll as crucial for epidermal trichome formation

Luis Matías-Hernández, Andrea E. Aguilar-Jaramillo, Michela Osnato, Roy Weinstain, Eilon Shani, Paula Suárez-López, Soraya Pelaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Plant trichomes are defensive specialized epidermal cells. In all accepted models, the epidermis is the layer involved in trichome formation, a process controlled by gibberellins (GAs) in Arabidopsis rosette leaves. Indeed, GA activates a genetic cascade in the epidermis for trichome initiation. Here we report that TEMPRANILLO (TEM) genes negatively control trichome initiation not only from the epidermis but also from the leaf layer underneath the epidermis, the mesophyll. Plants over-expressing or reducing TEM specifically in the mesophyll, display lower or higher trichome numbers, respectively. We surprisingly found that fluorescently labeled GA3 accumulates exclusively in the mesophyll of leaves, but not in the epidermis, and that TEM reduces its accumulation and the expression of several newly identified GA transporters. This strongly suggests that TEM plays an essential role, not only in GA biosynthesis, but also in regulating GA distribution in the mesophyll, which in turn directs epidermal trichome formation. Moreover, we show that TEM also acts as a link between GA and cytokinin signaling in the epidermis by negatively regulating downstream genes of both trichome formation pathways. Overall, these results call for a reevaluation of the present theories of trichome formation as they reveal mesophyll essential during epidermal trichome initiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1624-1639
Number of pages16
JournalPlant Physiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science


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