Surgical anesthesia: When a tool becomes a weapon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Anesthesia is the loss of feeling or sensation as a result of an anesthetic agent and is an integral part of any endodontic surgical procedure. In certain cases, local anesthesia (LA) administration may result in complications, ranging from mild discomfort for the patient to catastrophical results and even death. The complications following LA in endodontic surgery may be regional or systemic and may be related to the local anesthetic itself or to the supplementary vasoconstrictor. Severe systemic complications following LA, such as bronchospasm, seizure, anaphylactic shock, or cardiovascular complications, are rare but may have severe implications on the patient’s general health. Regional LA complications, such as insufficient anesthesia, hematoma, and soft-tissue injuries, are more common, may cause severe discomfort for the patient, and may alter the ability to achieve the surgical goals. The most important steps in managing untoward reactions to LA are the following: Adopt a clinical practice aimed to prevent possible complications, diagnose the problem promptly when itdoes occur, treat it if necessary, and reassure the patient.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComplications in Endodontic Surgery
Subtitle of host publicationPrevention, Identification and Management
Pages53-60
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9783642542183
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Dentistry

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