Supplying angular momentum to the jittering jets explosion mechanism using inner convection layers

Dmitry Shishkin, Noam Soker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We conduct one-dimensional stellar evolution simulations in the mass range 13-20 M· to late core collapse times and find that an inner vigorous convective zone with large specific angular momentum fluctuations appears at the edge of the iron core during the collapse. The compression of this zone during the collapse increases the luminosity there and the convective velocities, such that the specific angular momentum fluctuations are of the order of jconv ≃ 5 × 1015 cm2 s-1. If we consider that three-dimensional simulations show convective velocities that are three to four times larger than what the mixing length theory gives, and that the spiral standing accretion shock instability in the post-shock region of the stalled shock at a radius of simeq 100 km amplifies perturbations, we conclude that the fluctuations that develop during core collapse are likely to lead to stochastic (intermittent) accretion discs around the newly born neutron star. In reaching this conclusion, we also make two basic assumptions with uncertainties that we discuss. Such intermittent discs can launch jets that explode the star in the frame of the jittering jets explosion mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L43-L47
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021


  • stars: jets
  • stars: massive
  • supernovae: general

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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