Superconducting Dirac Point in Proximetized Graphene

Gopi Nath Daptary, Eyal Walach, Efrat Shimshoni, Aviad Frydman

Research output: Working paperPreprint

Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) materials, composed of single atomic layers, have attracted vast research interest since the breakthrough discovery of graphene. One major benefit of such systems is the simple ability to tune the chemical potential by back-gating, in-principle enabling to vary the Fermi level through the charge neutrality point, thus tuning between electron and hole doping. For 2D Superconductors, this means that one may potentially achieve the strongly-coupled superconducting regime described by Bose Einstein Condensation physics of small bosonic tightly bound electron pairs. Furthermore, it should be possible to access both electron and hole based superconductivity in a single system. However, in most 2D materials, an insulating gap opens up around the charge neutrality point, thus preventing approach to this regime. Graphene is unique in this sense since it is a true semi-metal in which the un-gapped Dirac point is protected by the symmetries. In this work we show that single layer graphene, in which superconducting pairing is induced by proximity to regions of a low density superconductor, can be tuned from hole to electron superconductivity through the strong coupling regime. We study, both experimentally and theoretically, the vicinity of this "Superconducting Dirac point" and find an unusual situation where reflections at interfaces between normal and superconducting regions within the graphene, suppress the conductance and, at the same time, Andreev reflections maintain a large phase breaking length. In addition, the Fermi level can be adjusted so that the momentum in the normal and superconducting regimes perfectly
Original languageEnglish
Pages1-12
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 30 Sep 2020

Publication series

NamearXiv preprint arXiv:2009.14603

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