SUBERMAN Regulates Developmental Suberization of the Arabidopsis Root Endodermis

Hagai Cohen, Vadim Fedyuk, Chunhua Wang, Shuang Wu, Asaph Aharoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Root endodermis, the innermost cortical layer surrounding the root vasculature, serves as the foremost barrier to water, solutes, and nutrients taken up from soil. Endodermis barrier functionality is achieved via its hydrophobic coating of lignified Casparian strips and the suberin lamellae; nonetheless the regulatory mechanisms underlying endodermis suberization are still elusive. Here, we discovered that the Arabidopsis SUBERMAN (SUB) transcription factor controls the establishment of the root suberin lamellae. Transient expression of SUB in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves resulted in the induction of heterologous suberin genes, the accumulation of suberin-type monomers, and consequent deposition of suberin-like lamellae. We demonstrate that SUB exerts its regulatory roles by transactivating promoters of suberin genes. In Arabidopsis, SUB is expressed in patchy and continuous suberization root endodermal cells, and thus roots with higher or lower expression of SUB display altered suberin polymer deposition patterns and modified composition. While these changes did not interfere with Casparian strip formation they had a substantial effect on root uptake capacity, resulting in varied root and leaf ionomic phenotypes. Gene expression profiling revealed that SUB function impacts transcriptional networks associated with suberin, phenylpropanoids, lignin, and cuticular lipid biosynthesis, as well as root transport activities, hormone signalling, and cell wall modification. Our findings highlight SUB as a regulator of root endodermis suberization during normal development, and its characterization is thus a key step towards dissecting the molecular mechanisms partaking in root endodermal barrier functionalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-447
Number of pages17
JournalPlant Journal
Volume102
Issue number3
Early online date6 Feb 2020
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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