Staying in Shape: The Haloarchaeal Cell Wall

Jerry Eichler, Adi Arbiv, Chen Cohen-Rosenzweig, Lina Kaminski, Lina Kandiba, Shai Naparstek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Haloarchaea are surrounded by different macromolecular structures comprising a cell wall. The composition of these cell walls is thought to contribute to the ability of these microorganisms to remain intact in the face of molar concentrations of salt. In many instances, the haloarchaeal cell is surrounded by a surface layer comprising a single protein component, the S-layer glycoprotein. Analysis of the S-layer glycoprotein has provided insight into the archaeal version of various post-translational modification, such as glycosylation and lipid modification. In other cases, haloarchaeal cells are surrounded by glycan-based structures. In this chapter, selected aspects of haloarchaeal cell wall biology are considered.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationHalophiles
Subtitle of host publicationGenetics and Genomes
EditorsR. Thane Papke, Aharon Oren
PublisherCaister Academic Press
Chapter6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-908230-65-2
ISBN (Print)978-1-908230-42-3
StatePublished - May 2014

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